The European Union and its Member States ratified the WIPO
Copyright Treaty and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
on the 14th December 2009. The WIPO Copyright Treaty and the
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty, known as the "Internet"
Treaties, were concluded to make the world's copyright laws 'fit
for the internet'.
The Internet Treaties provide for a high level of protection for
creators and creative industries, containing rules on
distribution, rental, the right of public communication and the
"making available" of protected content online. The Treaties
laid the ground for a balanced system of protection in the new
technological environment in areas such as the interactive
transmission of copyright content, limitations to copyright and
the promotion of technologies that facilitate the distribution
and use of creative content.
In 2000, the European Union and its Member States took the
formal decision to ratify the WIPO Treaties together. The
ratification of the Internet Treaties marked the first time that
the European Union was accorded full Contracting Party status in
the field of copyright, as opposed to the observer status it
enjoyed so far in WIPO on copyright issues.
Immediately after the Diplomatic Conference in 1996, work
started at European level to adapt European copyright law to the
WIPO "internet" Treaties. A European Copyright Directive was
adopted in 2001. All 27 EU Member States have meanwhile
transposed the provisions of the 2001 Copyright Directive into
their national legislation.
The WIPO "Internet Treaties” were adopted in December 1996 and
entered into force in 2002. With these new ratifications,
membership of the “Internet Treaties” will reach 88 for WCT and
76 for WPPT.